Friday, September 7, 2012

Williams Syndrome 11-year-old Okay After Getting Lured Away from Mother

One story of a WS boy who was taken advantage of by some young men older than him.  We need to keep an eye on every kid with special needs.

A youngster was led out of a supermarket by two teenagers in a chilling case echoing the Jamie Bulger tragedy.
Michelle Peachment, 32, was horrified when her beloved son Kieran suddenly vanished during a shopping trip.
Shoppers told her they had seen the 11-year-old - who has a mental age of seven - leave the store with two youths.

Friday, August 17, 2012

Sackville boy with Williams Syndrome brings joy to others

Although mentally challenged to a degree, in that they sometimes have learning difficulties and exhibit impulsive behavior, those with Williams Syndrome are also known to be very friendly, sociable, and empathetic.
“I don’t look at it as a disability. I like to look at it as an ability to do things in a different manner,” says Michelle.
His parents say although it hasn’t been easy to raise a special needs child, Nolan has brought unimaginable joy and perspective into their lives.
“He’s taught us so many things, about what’s important in life,” says Michelle. Blaise says when Nolan gets off the bus during the school year, and walks in the door, his day was always “fantastic, the best day ever.”

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Quebec actress Melissa Desormeaux-Poulin's career is booming following her performance in Incednies | Montreal Gazette

Quebec actress Melissa Desormeaux-Poulin's career is booming following her performance in Incednies | Montreal Gazette:

"Right now, she’s shooting Gabrielle, a new Quebec movie produced by micro_scope, the same production house behind Incendies and Monsieur Lazhar. The second film from filmmaker Louise Archambault is about a young woman with Williams syndrome, a rare neurodevelopmental disorder. Désormeaux-Poulin plays the woman’s sister."

'via Blog this'

PLoS ONE: Oxytocin and Vasopressin Are Dysregulated in Williams Syndrome, a Genetic Disorder Affecting Social Behavior

PLoS ONE: Oxytocin and Vasopressin Are Dysregulated in Williams Syndrome, a Genetic Disorder Affecting Social Behavior:

The results of this study provide the first evidence that OT and AVP are both dysregulated in WS. Specifically, basal OT and to a lesser extent AVP, are elevated in WS versus TC, and are related to measures of WS social behavior. Moreover, results indicate that emotional (music) and physically aversive (cold) stimuli cause an exaggerated release of OT and AVP (to music and trend to cold) in people with WS, independent of their basal levels. With respect to WS social behavior, as hypothesized, higher levels of basal OT were correlated with increased approach to strangers but unexpectedly, also to decreased adaptive social behaviors. These results support our hypothesis that in WS, the neurobiological mechanisms that underly intensified emotional responses to music and possibly social behavior, may in part involve the dysregulated synthesis or release of both OT and AVP from the hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal system. Finally, the results indicate that subset(s) of the ~28 WS deleted genes and their altered expression ultimately disturb the mechanisms underlying the development or adult regulation of OT and AVP-related brain structures and consequently insight into their role in human emotion.

'via Blog this'

A bond built through football goes way beyond the field for Mechanicsburg grad Buddies: A bond built through football goes way beyond the field for Mechanicsburg grad:

HERSHEY — Bryton Barr had never been more popular in his life.
Surrounded by grinning children and well-wishers seeking autographs and pictures after Saturday’s Big 33 Football Classic, the former Mechanicsburg linebacker did his best to meet every request in the wake of Pennsylvania’s 24-21 overtime loss to Ohio.
But when a blonde-haired little girl in a blue Pennsylvania cheerleader uniform yelled his name and ran toward him, everyone else around seemed to be an afterthought as Barr dropped to one knee to meet the girl, 9-year-old Katie Costello, with a hug.
The two were paired together through the Big 33’s Buddy Program, which unites Big 33 players, coaches and cheerleaders with a special-needs child. The buddies spend time together on and off the field during the week leading up to the game, and many keeps those bonds beyond that Saturday night.
For Barr and Costello, though, the embrace meant a little more.
For the last four years, the pair have shared that same moment after every Mechanicsburg football game. Katie, daughter of Mechanicsburg assistant coach Jeff Costello, would seek out Bryton, win or lose, and present that infectious smile that would sweeten the feel of a win or help soften the blow of a loss.
Having Katie there after Saturday’s loss, the last of his high school career, helped Barr put things into perspective.

Read more:

'via Blog this'

Elvis tune reveals clues to Williams syndrome and the genes tied to emotions | MNN - Mother Nature Network

Elvis tune reveals clues to Williams syndrome and the genes tied to emotions | MNN - Mother Nature Network:

Even the toughest of hearts might melt at the sound of Elvis Presley crooning his classic song, “Love Me Tender.” Now a new study shows that when people with the genetic disorder Williams syndrome listen to that song or others, they experience changes in levels of the hormones associated with feelings of love. The findings provide clues about the genes that are tied to people's emotions, the researchers say. Researchers observed 21 people while they listened to music, and took blood samples to track levels of the hormones oxytocin and arginine vasopressin (AVP). The 13 participants with Williams syndrome — a genetic disorder that can bring developmental delays and mild mental retardation, along with an overly friendly and trusting personality — experienced a spike in both hormones when music played. Individuals without the condition saw little change to their oxytocin and AVP levels while listening.  One woman with Williams syndrome experienced significantly higher spikes in the hormones, compared with everyone else in the study; in the experiment, she listened to the Elvis tune.

'via Blog this'

Friday, April 20, 2012

Williams Syndrome Awareness Walks and Fundraisers

The growth in the number of WS walks and fundraisers this year from previous years is wonderfully staggering! There seems to be a new event announced every day. That has led me to decide that I will not be posting each new event here - frankly, I just can't keep up! But there is a great place to go to find an event near you.

Williams Syndrome Association on Facebook

Williams Syndrome Association Awareness Page

These two sites are updated regularly.

Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Videos - Research Profiles - Brain Institute - The University of Utah

Videos - Research Profiles - Brain Institute - The University of Utah:

Dr Julie Korenberg discusses her research on folks with Williams Syndrome:

'via Blog this'

Transition Academy Helps Students with Disabilities Find Jobs and Support - Kirkland, WA

Transition Academy Helps Students with Disabilities Find Jobs and Support - Kirkland, WA Patch:

"Jeremy Carrigan was born with a developmental disability called Williams Syndrome, a rare genetic disorder that often leads those with the condition to rely on full-time caregivers into adulthood.
But thanks in part to Lake Washington School District’s Transition Academy, Carrigan, now 26, has a job, money and independence."

'via Blog this'

Tuesday, March 27, 2012

Friendly-to-a-fault, yet tense: personality traits traced in brain, March 22, 2012 News Release - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Friendly-to-a-fault, yet tense: personality traits traced in brain, March 22, 2012 News Release - National Institutes of Health (NIH):

 "Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed that patients had decreased gray matter — the brain's working tissue — in the bottom front of the insula, which integrates mood and thinking. By contrast, they had increased gray matter in the top front part of the insula, which has been linked to social/emotional processes."

'via Blog this'

Friday, March 23, 2012

Kandoo Band - Watch these WS folks rock out!

My daughter has Williams syndrome

Mom Story: My daughter has Williams syndrome:

"Tatum is in a regular kindergarten class with a full-time aide. The kids love her. She’s pulled from class for occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education and speech. Tatum will repeat kindergarten again next year.
Tatum loves singing, jumping on a trampoline, swimming, playing in the sandbox, going to the park and watching Mickey Mouse and Dora on TV. In the last six months, she started talking in short two-word sentences such as, “Cereal, please,” or “Swim, please.” Tatum’s reasoning skills are above her verbal skills -- she understands a lot more than she can communicate.
My little girl is happy, positive, loving, caring and well-adjusted. She’s very social, and everyone adores her. She hugs you if you’re sad, and she tries to engage anybody. She doesn’t worry that anything’s wrong with her because I don’t think she knows that anything is wrong with her -- I’d never tell her something is wrong."

'via Blog this'

Tuesday, March 20, 2012

Imaging study reveals insula disruption in Williams syndrome — SFARI

Imaging study reveals insula disruption in Williams syndrome — SFARI:

"They studied 13 people with Williams syndrome and 23 controls, only a subset of whom participated in each of the various imaging modalities.
It’s only recently that newer techniques, such as DTI and functional connectivity, which infers connectivity based on correlated activity of different brain regions, have become reliable enough to be used more widely, says Paul Thompson, professor of neurology at the University of California, Los Angeles, who was not involved in the study.
The study is unique not only in its target and combination of imaging technologies, but in the population under study. Berman’s team chose to focus only on individuals who have Williams syndrome and a normal IQ, a relatively small percentage of people with this rare disorder, to eliminate the possible effects of IQ.
Individuals with Williams syndrome have differences in brain structure, connectivity and function compared with controls, the study found. Specifically, the researchers found that the gray matter of the dorsal anterior insula, a region associated with integrating emotions and cognition, is smaller in people with the disorder, while the ventral anterior insula, an area implicated in social and emotional processes, is larger.
Functional measures corroborated these results. Blood flow is reduced in the dorsal anterior insula and increased in the ventral anterior insula.
The white-matter tract that connects the anterior insula to the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex, known as the uncinate fasciculus, is more disorganized in people with Williams syndrome. And activity in the anterior insula is less well correlated with activity in the orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex.
Perhaps most significant, the degree of alteration is linked to the magnitude of the individual’s Williams syndrome personality, as measured by a personality test.
The link between personality traits and the insula is specific: Researchers did not find a similar correlation with the hippocampus, part of the brain involved in learning and memory. And verbal IQ, which is unrelated to personality, was not linked to changes in the insula. 

'via Blog this'

Brain Architecture and Williams Syndrome | Psychology Today

Brain Architecture and Williams Syndrome | Psychology Today:

"As brain studies continue, we are learning more about the neurological basis of WS. This week, an important new report was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. A team of scientists led by the National Institutes of Health has now found in Williams syndrome cases changes in the connectivity and volume of gray matter in a brain region called the anterior insula (AI), which is thought to control emotion and personality.

The researchers found an overall decrease in gray-matter volume in one region of the AI, along with locally increased volume in another area; compromised white-matter integrity of the structure that connects the insula with some other brain regions; and disturbed neuron interactions between the AI and limbic regions known to be involved in processing emotions. Perhaps most important, the team found that differences in the AI correlate with the extent of WS characteristics. The greater the number and degree of the AI changes, the more of the typical WS behaviors that can be observed and measured in the person."

'via Blog this'